Mеждународна организация по миграция

Статистика/Statistics

 Mediterranean statistics update

Posted: 09/10/18

Themes: Humanitarian Emergencies, Missing Migrants

Geneva – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 86,436 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2018 through 7 October, with 39,445 to Spain, the leading destination this year. In fact, since late September’s arrivals were reported, Spain in 2018 has now received via the Mediterranean more irregular migrants than it did throughout all the years 2015, 2016 and 2017 combined.

The region’s total arrivals through the recent weekend compare with 140,272 arrivals across the region through the same period last year, and 318,207 at this point in 2016.

Spain, with 46 per cent of all arrivals through the year, continues to receive seaborne migrants in October at a volume nearly twice that of Greece and more than seven times that of Italy (see chart below).

ITALY

Italy’s arrivals through late September are the lowest recorded at this point – the end of a normally busy summer sailing season – in almost five years. Last year in October migrants crossed from North Africa to Italy at a rate of nearly 1,500 per week – or about five times this year’s rate. Two Octobers ago, the numbers were even higher: almost 4,000 per week. In 2016, through June to October, the average number of rescues among sea-borne arrivals of migrants to Italy each month surpassed the number that has arrived in all of 2018 (see chart below).

IOM Rome’s Flavio Di Giacomo on Monday reported that Italy’s 21,313 arrivals of irregular migrants by sea this year include many who arrive from departure points other than Libya. He noted that according to data gathered by IOM staff at disembarkation points, almost 150 migrants from Tunisia arrived by sea in Lampedusa between Friday and Sunday and explained that at present, almost all the flows arriving in Italy since early September came from the Tunisian route.

“Tunisian arrivals so far this year are 4,742 and represent the first place among all nationalities,” Di Giacomo said. He said last year and in 2016 similar numbers of arrivals from Tunisia were reported, but those would have hardly entered the list of the top ten nationalities to Italy, overwhelmed by those from Eritrea, Nigeria and many of the Sub-Saharan migrants who arrived via Libya.

“The total number of Tunisian migrants arriving last year through the end of September was 2,650,” Di Giacomo continued, “while 3,500 Tunisians arrived from 1 October to 31 December. That brought the total number of arrivals in 2017 to 6,150.”

Di Giacomo noted that deaths at sea continue to occur most frequently on the Mediterranean in the waters linking North Africa and Sicily, with 1,267 recorded through 7 October. 

IOM’s Missing Migrants Project (MMP) has documented the deaths of 1,783 people on the Mediterranean in 2018. Most recently, a 23-year-old Tunisian man drowned in a shipwreck off the coast of Djerba on 7 October. Five people were rescued and another five remain missing, according to survivors’ testimonies. More than 1,200 people have lost their lives while trying to cross the Central Mediterranean to Europe since the beginning of the year.

SPAIN

In the Western Mediterranean, four more bodies were retrieved following the shipwreck of 1 October, which cost the lives of 34 people. Fifteen bodies have been brought to Hassani Hospital in Nador, while 19 people remain missing. In Dar El Kebdani, near Nador, a man died after falling down a steep slope while evading authorities on 2 October. Some 36 other migrants who were part of the same group were apprehended.

IOM Spain’s Ana Dodevska reported Monday that total arrivals at sea in 2018 have reached 39,445 men, women and children who have been rescued in Western Mediterranean waters through 23 September (see chart below).

Arrivals in October are running at a rate of almost 300 per day, including nearly 1,200 migrants reported rescued over this past weekend.

CYPRUS

Dimitrios Tsagalas of IOM Cyprus reported Monday that on Friday (05 October) three men, believed to be Syrian nationals, crossed into the Republic of Cyprus through the Ledra Palace checkpoint. Monday morning (08 October) 21 people, all Syrian, were traced by the Cyprus Coast Guard at Cape Greco in the Famagusta area, on an unmanned vessel. A search and rescue operation took place and these irregular migrants and refugees–ten male, 2 female, 9 children – were brought safely to the port at Larnaca and were transferred to Pournara Temporary Accommodation Centre.

Tsagalas said with those latest arrivals the total number of irregular migrants arriving in 2018 to Cyprus now is 525.

GREECE

IOM Greece’s Antigoni Avgeropoulou reported on Monday (08 October) that from Thursday through Sunday (04-07 October), the Hellenic Coast Guard (HCG) informed the United Nations Migration Agency it was involved in at least eight incidents requiring search and rescue operations off the islands of Lesvos, Samos and Chios. The HCG rescued a total of 340 migrants and transferred them to those three islands.

Additional arrivals of some 264 individuals to Kos, Symi, Rhodes and some of the previously mentioned islands over these past four days brings to 24,164 the total number of arrivals by sea to Greece through 7 October (see chart below).

Sea arrivals to Greece this year by irregular migrants appeared to have peaked in daily volume in April, when they averaged at around 100 per day. That volume dipped through the following three months then picked up again in August and again in September – 2018’s second busiest month with 3,955 (or just over 130 per day) just below April’s total of 3,975.

Land border crossing also surged in April (to nearly 4,000 arrivals) but have since fallen back, with fewer than 2,000 crossings in each of the past four months (see charts below).

IOM’s Christine Nikolaidou also shared data on Monday on the 19,382 irregular migrants detected by the Hellenic Coast Guard entering Greece via sea in 2018, through the end of August. The biggest single group, by nationality, is Syrian, with 6,099 men, women and children, or nearly one of every three arrivals. Next were Iraqis (4,006) followed by Afghans (3,716).

Other large sender countries or areas include the Palestinian Territories (692), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (521), the Islamic Republic of Iran (334) and Pakistan (229). There are also some surprises: from Cameroon, a country where political strife has been reported lately, some 721 irregular migrants have arrived, almost 600 of those since the end of March. From Algeria, nearly 200 (199) nationals have been detected, as well as 52 from Sierra Leone, nine from the Dominican Republic and eight from Haiti.

MISSING MIGRANTS PROJECT

IOM’s Missing Migrants Project estimates that at least 2,806 people died or went missing on migratory routes across the globe in 2018 (see chart below).

In addition to the devastating death toll in the Mediterranean, 302 migrants are known to have died on the US-Mexico border, compared with 278 in 2017. These include 62 people who have drowned in the Río Bravo in the first nine months of 2018. Most recently, the body of a man was found by US Border Patrol officers on the banks of the Río Bravo, near El Indio, Texas on 30 September.

In Europe, a 22-year-old Pakistani man was found dead in a forest in Siva Reka, Bulgaria, near the border with Greece.

Missing Migrants Project data are compiled by IOM staff but come from a variety of sources, some of which are unofficial. To learn more about how data on migrants’ deaths and disappearances are collected, click here.

For latest arrivals and fatalities in the Mediterranean, please visit: http://migration.iom.int/europe
Learn more about the Missing Migrants Project at: http://missingmigrants.iom.int

 

 2017 Counter-trafficking statistics snapshot

Click for more details

 

Spotlight on the Mediterranean

Click to go to original website

 

Migrants presence

62,418 present migrants and refugees 

in Greece, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Slovenia, Croatia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Cyprus, and Romania

Updates as of 15 August 2018

 

Country Number of present migrants Date of last recorded present migrants
Greece 56,549  25 April 2018 
the FYR of Macedonia 112  15 August 2018 
Serbia 3,227  15 August 2018 
Croatia​​​​​​​​​​​* 380  15 August 2018 
Slovenia* 279  18 July 2018 
Bulgaria​​ 948  15 August 2018 
Hungary​ 136  15 August 2018 
Cyprus​* 394  8 August 2018 
Romania 393  15 August 2018 

 

Please note: Location-level data currently unavailable for Greece.

*​​​ Number of asylum seekers.

Data Sources: National Authorities, IOM and UNHCR

Click to go to original website

Relocated migrants

34,694 people relocated in 24 countries

22,005 from Greece 
12,689 from Italy

Latest figures

(updates as of 30 April 2018)

Member State From Greece From Italy Total
Austria 0 43 43
Belgium 700 471 1,171
Bulgaria 50 10 60
Croatia 60 22 82
Cyprus 96 47 143
Czech Republic 12 0 12
Estonia 141 6 147
Finland 1,202 778 1,980
France 4,400 635 5,035
Germany 5,391 5,434 10,825
Ireland 1,022 0 1,022
Latvia  294 34 328
Liechtenstein 10 0 10
Lithuania 355 29 384
Luxembourg 300 249 549
Malta 101 67 168
Netherlands 1,755 1,020 2,775
Norway 693 815 1,508
Portugal 1,192 356 1,548
Romania 683 45 728
Slovenia 172 81 253
Slovakia 16 0 16
Spain 1,124 235 1,359
Sweden 1,656 1,392 3,048
Switzerland 580 920 1,500
Total 22,005 12,689 34,694

 

Based on Commission proposals, the Justice and Home Affairs Council adopted in September 2015 two Decisions to relocate asylum seekers from Italy and Greece, to assist them in dealing with the pressures of the refugee crisis. Under the emergency relocation scheme, up to 106,000 asylum seekers with a high chance of having their applications successfully processed (EU average recognition rate of over 75%) were to be relocated from Greece and Italy, where they had arrived, to other Member States where they would have their asylum applications processed.

Between October 2015 and April 2018, IOM assisted the relocation of 34,694 persons in need of international protection with pre-departure health assessments, pre-departure orientation and movement management. A majority of them were male (63%), adults (68%), and of Syrian (52%), Eritrean (35%) and Iraqi (11%) nationality. The scheme also benefitted 585 unaccompanied or separated migrant children.

Due to the strict eligibility criteria, the changes in criteria during the implementation of the scheme, as well as the drop in arrivals to Greece and Italy during the project implementation, the number of assisted beneficiaries is considerably lower than the target of 106,000 persons. Almost all eligible persons registered in Greece and in Italy have been successfully relocated to another European state with the assistance of IOM.

Data source: IOM

Click to go to original website

Transit routes

From January 2018, 79,043 people have been traveling to Europe through various transit routes across Africa, Asia or the Middle East.

In 2016 387,739 people traveled to Europe through various transit routes across Africa, Asia or the Middle East.

Statistics of arrivals for countries of first arrival in Europe

Arrivals to Bulgaria (Source: IOM and National Authorities): as of 26 Aug 2018

Cumulative Total (1 Jan 2015 until Date of Last Recorded Arrivals): 51,920
Date of Last Recorded Arrivals: 26 Aug 2018
Total 2018: 1,148
2018 by sea: 0
2018 by land: 1,148
Total 2017: 2,562
Total 2016: 17,187
Type: Country of first arrival in Europe

Arrivals to Greece (Source: IOM and National Authorities): as of 26 Aug 2018

Cumulative Total (1 Jan 2015 until Date of Last Recorded Arrivals): 1,097,235
Date of Last Recorded Arrivals: 26 Aug 2018
Total 2018: 27,914
2018 by sea: 18,529
2018 by land: 9,385
Total 2017: 35,052
Total 2016: 176,906
Type: Country of first arrival in Europe

Arrivals to Italy (Source: IOM and National Authorities): as of 26 Aug 2018

Cumulative Total (1 Jan 2015 until Date of Last Recorded Arrivals): 473,949
Date of Last Recorded Arrivals: 26 Aug 2018
Total 2018: 19,761
2018 by sea: 19,761
2018 by land: 0
Total 2017: 119,369
Total 2016: 181,436
Type: Country of first arrival in Europe

Arrivals to Malta (Source: IOM and National Authorities): as of 26 Aug 2018

Cumulative Total (1 Jan 2015 until Date of Last Recorded Arrivals): 349
Date of Last Recorded Arrivals: 26 Aug 2018
Total 2018: 714
2018 by sea: 714
2018 by land: 0
Total 2017: 0
Total 2016: 0
Type: Country of first arrival in Europe

Arrivals to Cyprus (Source: IOM and National Authorities): as of 26 Aug 2018

Cumulative Total (1 Jan 2015 until Date of Last Recorded Arrivals): 1,710
Date of Last Recorded Arrivals: 26 Aug 2018
Total 2018: 133
2018 by sea: 133
2018 by land: 0
Total 2017: 1,078
Total 2016: 345
Type: Country of first arrival in Europe

Arrivals to Spain (Source: IOM and National Authorities): as of 26 Aug 2018

Cumulative Total (1 Jan 2015 until Date of Last Recorded Arrivals): 91,931
Date of Last Recorded Arrivals: 26 Aug 2018
Total 2018: 32,376
2018 by sea: 27,994
2018 by land: 4,382
Total 2017: 28,707
Total 2016: 14,558
Type: Country of first arrival in Europe

 

 

 

Click to enlarge

 

Violence against aid workers

Violence against aid workers in 2017
(click to enlarge)