Mеждународна организация по миграция

Статистика/Statistics

 Mediterranean statistics update

Posted: 01/15/19

Themes: Missing Migrants

Geneva – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 2,200 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea through the first 13 days of 2019, a slight increase over the 1,915 arriving during the same period last year. Deaths on the three main Mediterranean Sea routes through almost two weeks of the new year are at 16 individuals, compared with 194 deaths during the same period in 2018.  At this point in 2017 a total of 1,159 irregular migrants or refugees had landed in either Greece, Spain or Italy after crossing the Mediterranean, and IOM had recorded a total of 12 deaths. 

The sharp spike in deaths at this time last year was due to a spate of shipwrecks off Libya. A year ago, IOM reported that Libyan Navy sources on 9 January confirmed at least 100 migrants remained missing in the third deadly shipwreck on the Mediterranean Sea since 6 January. IOM had already reported that day a total of 81 Mediterranean Sea deaths of migrants or refugees were recorded in the first eight days of the year.  

Five of those deaths were in Western Mediterranean waters off Spain and Morocco. The rest – 76 with a possibility of many more – were recorded in the waters between Italy and Libya. In that last incident on the Central Mediterranean route, three rubber boats with 279 migrants (19 women, 243 men, 13 boys and four girls) were rescued by the Libyan Coast Guard, whose rescue operation lasted at least 12 hours. 

Most recently, the remains of five people were recovered by the Libyan Red Crescent on the shores of Sirte, Libya on 13 January 2019. IOM’s Missing Migrants Project (MMP) team is verifying additional reports of bodies washing up on Libyan shores since 2 January.  

On the Western Mediterranean route, the remains of a man thought to be a migrant were discovered near Cabo de Sabinar, in Spain’s southern province of Almería, on 5 January. This is the third body recovered on Spanish shores this year which is not connected to any known shipwreck. In Nador, Morocco, the remains of a woman were recovered from waters near Beni Ensar on 11 January, along with six survivors suffering from severe fuel burns.  

IOM Italy

IOM Rome’s Flavio Di Giacomo on Monday noted that according to official Ministry of Interior figures, 53 migrants have arrived by sea to Italy as irregular arrivals through the first 13 days of 2019. That’s a decrease of 93.7% over the same period last year. 

IOM Spain 

IOM Spain’s Ana Dodevska reported that through Sunday (13 January) 1,609 men, women and children have arrived as irregular migrants this month, or more than the 1,400 arriving through all of January last year. 

IOM Greece 

IOM Greece’s Christine Nikolaidou reported on Monday that since 11 January the Hellenic Coast Guard (HCG) disclosed one incident requiring search and rescue operations off the island of Kos. The HCG rescued a total of 13 migrants and transferred them to that island.  

Those 13 arrivals were among 139 IOM recorded in the four days between 10 and 13 January and bring to 489 the total number of sea arrivals to Greece this year.

Missing Migrants Project 

2019 is the fifth year of IOM’s efforts to systematically record deaths on migration routes worldwide through its Missing Migrants Project. Since the beginning of 2014, the Project has recorded the deaths of 30,602 people, and yet due to the challenges of collecting information about these people and what happened to them, the true number of deaths during migration is likely much higher.   

So far in 2019, Missing Migrants Project has recorded the deaths of 21 people.  

 

For latest arrivals and fatalities in the Mediterranean, please visit: http://migration.iom.int/europe
Learn more about the Missing Migrants Project at: http://missingmigrants.iom.int

 

 2017 Counter-trafficking statistics snapshot

Click for more details

 

Spotlight on the Mediterranean

Click to go to original website

 

Migrants presence

62,418 present migrants and refugees 

in Greece, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Slovenia, Croatia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Cyprus, and Romania

Updates as of 15 August 2018

 

Country Number of present migrants Date of last recorded present migrants
Greece 56,549  25 April 2018 
the FYR of Macedonia 112  15 August 2018 
Serbia 3,227  15 August 2018 
Croatia​​​​​​​​​​​* 380  15 August 2018 
Slovenia* 279  18 July 2018 
Bulgaria​​ 948  15 August 2018 
Hungary​ 136  15 August 2018 
Cyprus​* 394  8 August 2018 
Romania 393  15 August 2018 

 

Please note: Location-level data currently unavailable for Greece.

*​​​ Number of asylum seekers.

Data Sources: National Authorities, IOM and UNHCR

Click to go to original website

Relocated migrants

34,694 people relocated in 24 countries

22,005 from Greece 
12,689 from Italy

Latest figures

(updates as of 30 April 2018)

Member State From Greece From Italy Total
Austria 0 43 43
Belgium 700 471 1,171
Bulgaria 50 10 60
Croatia 60 22 82
Cyprus 96 47 143
Czech Republic 12 0 12
Estonia 141 6 147
Finland 1,202 778 1,980
France 4,400 635 5,035
Germany 5,391 5,434 10,825
Ireland 1,022 0 1,022
Latvia  294 34 328
Liechtenstein 10 0 10
Lithuania 355 29 384
Luxembourg 300 249 549
Malta 101 67 168
Netherlands 1,755 1,020 2,775
Norway 693 815 1,508
Portugal 1,192 356 1,548
Romania 683 45 728
Slovenia 172 81 253
Slovakia 16 0 16
Spain 1,124 235 1,359
Sweden 1,656 1,392 3,048
Switzerland 580 920 1,500
Total 22,005 12,689 34,694

 

Based on Commission proposals, the Justice and Home Affairs Council adopted in September 2015 two Decisions to relocate asylum seekers from Italy and Greece, to assist them in dealing with the pressures of the refugee crisis. Under the emergency relocation scheme, up to 106,000 asylum seekers with a high chance of having their applications successfully processed (EU average recognition rate of over 75%) were to be relocated from Greece and Italy, where they had arrived, to other Member States where they would have their asylum applications processed.

Between October 2015 and April 2018, IOM assisted the relocation of 34,694 persons in need of international protection with pre-departure health assessments, pre-departure orientation and movement management. A majority of them were male (63%), adults (68%), and of Syrian (52%), Eritrean (35%) and Iraqi (11%) nationality. The scheme also benefitted 585 unaccompanied or separated migrant children.

Due to the strict eligibility criteria, the changes in criteria during the implementation of the scheme, as well as the drop in arrivals to Greece and Italy during the project implementation, the number of assisted beneficiaries is considerably lower than the target of 106,000 persons. Almost all eligible persons registered in Greece and in Italy have been successfully relocated to another European state with the assistance of IOM.

Data source: IOM

Click to go to original website

Transit routes

From January 2018, 79,043 people have been traveling to Europe through various transit routes across Africa, Asia or the Middle East.

In 2016 387,739 people traveled to Europe through various transit routes across Africa, Asia or the Middle East.

Statistics of arrivals for countries of first arrival in Europe

Arrivals to Bulgaria (Source: IOM and National Authorities): as of 26 Aug 2018

Cumulative Total (1 Jan 2015 until Date of Last Recorded Arrivals): 51,920
Date of Last Recorded Arrivals: 26 Aug 2018
Total 2018: 1,148
2018 by sea: 0
2018 by land: 1,148
Total 2017: 2,562
Total 2016: 17,187
Type: Country of first arrival in Europe

Arrivals to Greece (Source: IOM and National Authorities): as of 26 Aug 2018

Cumulative Total (1 Jan 2015 until Date of Last Recorded Arrivals): 1,097,235
Date of Last Recorded Arrivals: 26 Aug 2018
Total 2018: 27,914
2018 by sea: 18,529
2018 by land: 9,385
Total 2017: 35,052
Total 2016: 176,906
Type: Country of first arrival in Europe

Arrivals to Italy (Source: IOM and National Authorities): as of 26 Aug 2018

Cumulative Total (1 Jan 2015 until Date of Last Recorded Arrivals): 473,949
Date of Last Recorded Arrivals: 26 Aug 2018
Total 2018: 19,761
2018 by sea: 19,761
2018 by land: 0
Total 2017: 119,369
Total 2016: 181,436
Type: Country of first arrival in Europe

Arrivals to Malta (Source: IOM and National Authorities): as of 26 Aug 2018

Cumulative Total (1 Jan 2015 until Date of Last Recorded Arrivals): 349
Date of Last Recorded Arrivals: 26 Aug 2018
Total 2018: 714
2018 by sea: 714
2018 by land: 0
Total 2017: 0
Total 2016: 0
Type: Country of first arrival in Europe

Arrivals to Cyprus (Source: IOM and National Authorities): as of 26 Aug 2018

Cumulative Total (1 Jan 2015 until Date of Last Recorded Arrivals): 1,710
Date of Last Recorded Arrivals: 26 Aug 2018
Total 2018: 133
2018 by sea: 133
2018 by land: 0
Total 2017: 1,078
Total 2016: 345
Type: Country of first arrival in Europe

Arrivals to Spain (Source: IOM and National Authorities): as of 26 Aug 2018

Cumulative Total (1 Jan 2015 until Date of Last Recorded Arrivals): 91,931
Date of Last Recorded Arrivals: 26 Aug 2018
Total 2018: 32,376
2018 by sea: 27,994
2018 by land: 4,382
Total 2017: 28,707
Total 2016: 14,558
Type: Country of first arrival in Europe

 

 

 

Click to enlarge

 

Violence against aid workers

Violence against aid workers in 2017
(click to enlarge)