- About IOM
- IOM History
Established in 1951, IOM is the leading inter-governmental organization in the field of migration. Since 2016, IOM has been an associated United Nations Agency for Migration.
IOM is committed to the principle that humane and orderly migration is beneficial to people seeking a new beginning and for the host society. The Organization provides services and consultations to governments and migrants. Currently, the Organization has 172 Member States, a further 8 states holding observer status and more than 400 offices.
IOM works to help ensure orderly and humane migration management, to promote international cooperation on migration issues, to assist in finding practical solutions to migration problems and to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, including refugees and internally displaced persons.
The IOM Constitution recognizes the link between migration and economic, social and cultural development, as well as to the right of freedom of movement.
IOM works in the four broad areas of migration management:
- Migration and development
- Facilitating migration
- Regulating migration
- Forced migration.
IOM activities that cut across these areas include the promotion of international migration law, policy debate and guidelines, protection of migrants' rights, migration health and the gender dimension of migration.
- In 2004, a Memorandum was signed between IOM and the Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, which establishes the framework for cooperation between the countries in the field of labor migration and the integration of migrants.
- In 2009, a Memorandum was signed between IOM and the Ministry of Interior, which establishes the framework for cooperation between countries, in the field of voluntary returns and support to victims of trafficking, including unaccompanied minors.
- In 2015, the Cooperation Agreement between IOM and the Ministry of Interior was re-signed for long-term cooperation between the two parties in the field of migration.